The Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)  pathway to Universal Health Coverage (WHO) concerns the legal or development status of any or all UN Member Nation States, territories, cities, frontiers or boundaries. Specific products of manufacturers, whether patented or not have been endorsed or recommended by the IPU or WHO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned. One of the key ‘health’ targets of Agenda 2030 (UN) SDG’s is Universal Health Coverage promoting health security and equity, social inclusion, reducing inequalities, gender equality, poverty eradication, economic growth and human dignity adopted a resolution calling for parliamentarians to strategically play a substantive role in making Universal Health Care a reality for all.

The era of COVID-19 Pandemic with its severe restrictions has left a multitude of people in populations without or with very limited health coverage, which has seriously deepened  and increased vulnerabilities. UN Agencies published reports document that girls, women are especially affected. This is wrong it is young, elderly and all others including the male species (patriarchal)

The Right to Health (IPU) high level meeting on Universal Health Coverage 2019 (The role of Parliaments in ensuring the ‘right to health’ resolution adopted at the 141st IPU Assembly. The IPU partnership with the World Health Organization supports parliamentarians without Universal Health Coverage stated Tedross Adhanom Ghebreyesus Director General of WHO  (World Health Org., UN)

The IPU and WHO produced a handbook for Parliamentarians as to National and International commitments, how parliamentarians enact legislation, review and approve budgets and also hold governments to account for non-compliancy

In explain UHC (Universal Health Coverage) this includes exploring contributions that members of parliament make to achieving UHC, focusing on their legislative role which includes developing and drafting, enacting and implementing UHC legislation, as well as their role as to UHC financing, the oversight and accountability. Also a on how  MP recommendations and how they advance UHC in their respective countries.

The Handbook is designed for those involved in enacting legislation in their State, parliaments and parliamentarians, parliamentary staff and advisers, government officials for example executive authorities such as Ministers of Health, member of civil society, communities, academics, constituency staff and any other person that chooses to advocate for or facilitate UHC.

This also included the IPU, WHO and other Multilateral Organizations that work with Parliaments on UHC, as well as other organizations and public interest groups working to accelerate UHC. The Guiding Handbook includes key takeaways and messages, recommendations, information  not all suits the same needs of every country but these ideas, recommendations can be developed or and adapted.

Agenda 2030 itself includes International Human Rights Laws (to leave no-one behind- everyone, everywhere at every age – target 3.8 of Agenda 2030). Hence the consensus achieved of all Nation States in ratifying Agenda 2030 (UN) means they are bound by this pledge to ‘leave no one behind’  The WHO and IPU state that political opportunities must be seized and PPPs must be sought. That is Public-Private Partnerships for Prosperity (Profits for Corporate Multi-stakeholderism otherwise known as ‘Social Investment’) This is to be recognized as a pledge made by all those UN Nation States that ratified UN Agenda 2030 that was adopted at the UN Assembly in 2015. UN & IPU message is to Parliamentarians worldwide “There is no perfect moment to move forward with reform: political opportunities must be seized and partnerships sought with social movements to advance the UHC global agenda to be implemented by parliamentarians in UN Member Nation States” with the absence of discrimination towards certain individuals or groups (never mind the majority of the population this applies to minority revolutionary groups not everyday citizens of New Zealand) , namely gender related and other types of inequalities.


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