Carol Sakey


The International Maritime Organization (UN) established in 2019 that ships that cross oceans are collectively generating too much green house gases. Therefore the Eu and the International Maritime Organization (IOM) have decided to make the cost of shipping much more expensive, and to reduce shipping services. This has been reported to cause a major impact on global supply chains. Shipping companies were warned to start preparing for this 2 years ago as this will certainly be a global challenge as changes are to take place, which will change how shipping companies operate on many trans-oceanic and regional routes. The IOM is a UN Agency, responsible for regulating shipping right across the globe. This means significant implications as to how container lines redesign their services, hence there will be huge consequences for production location choices that underpin the global supply chains.

EU regulations were to be passed at the end of last year, but the initial phase was about to start at the beginning of this year- 2023 with added costs and complexities. Managers of supply chains have been warned about these changes back in 2021 and told to plan for them to start in 2023. New Zealand relies on Marime transport for fuel, oil, coal and other goods that are shipped to NZ. Shipping is the backbone to international trade. Obviously the UN Agency IOM have complete control of this. Shipping is the most cost effective ways to move grains, oil, coal etc., by containerized cargo ships that travel over long distance. Its difficult for oceanic shipping to eliminate CO2 as these ships need to consume large amount of energy over long distances without refueling, however the UN Agency IOM is intent in deployed Net Zero Fuels ASAP, as soon as 2030 (Within 7 years)

The IMO (UN) rules began in January 2023 this requires individual ships to measure and report on a carbon intensity index, in the form of an annual efficiency ratio (AER). The AER is a function of a ships deadweight tonnage (DWT). That is how much weight the ship can carry in cargo, fuel, crew, fresh water, passengers, supplies etc., Plus what type of fuel the ship consumes and how far it traveled in the previous year. This data has been part of the IMO (UN) mandatory annual submission since 2019 for ships over 5,000 DWT (Dead Weight Tonnage). The AER is used to grade a ship either A B C D or E. Ships receiving a Grade A, B or C will be deemed complaint for that year. Ships graded D have 3 years grace during which the shipping owner has to somehow become compliant to IOM (UN) rules. Ships graded E have one year to become compliant. The grading criteria is to become tougher year by year.

Non-compliant ship owners will have their vessels taken out of service and these ships are likely to be scrapped…A significant number of ships will be classed as non-compliant most of these will be older ships and smaller ships which are that of standard size container ships (Less than 8,000 TEU capacity). To improve the grade of ships there will be the need to switch to fuels that generate less CO2. This is very challenging because many fuels do not have the necessary energy density. Shipping companies will have to look at bio-based marine fuel and other options. But all depends how fast suppliers can scale up production for massive quantities of fuel that will be needed.

Originally it was thought the LNG would be advantageous over the near term, but LNG prices have skyrocketed, consideration has been given to some form of hydrogen fuel. But shipping owners still have concerns as they will have to look at how a ship is operated because the carbon intensity measured is tied to how much weight is moved per unit of distance. For instance, larger ships sailing routes with fewer ports will earn higher grades over that of smaller ships that call at lots of ports. Ships can slow down their speed to reduce fuel consumption, but this also means reducing the annual cargo hauling capacity of what are expensive assets and crews.

Many ships will require a technical refinement, the upgrading of engines and emissions controls, this could mean retrofitting engines so that they can run on alternative fuels. Changes may have to be made around the Hull, or upgrading of the ships propellers. Jeremy Nixon the CEO of Ocean Network Express, a global container shipping industry company estimated at a conference in January 2021 that the global container shipping industry will have to invest as least $1.5 trillion over the next 20-30 years to meet UN ION targets. Saying this is an enormous cost to shipping. The costs and implications of decarbonization for companies and their supply chains will never return to pre pandemic times. There are huge concerns as to shipping meeting IOM (UN) rules. Bulk carriers risk facing significant challenges because so many older ships are used, and it’s the older ships that may be taken out of service due to IOM (UN) rules. Ports of call maybe dropped, schedules changed, less frequent services, higher costs with the (UN) IOM favouring larger efficient ships with fewer ports of call and  less frequent services with maximum capacity utilization per ship and changing shipping logistics

Back here in New Zealand there was speeches in the Beehive on the 9th April 2018. It was stated that “shipping must play its part in the global effort to halt climate change”. James Shaw, Julie Anne Genter were the speakers in the House. On the 9th April 2018 NZ released a statement in negotiations held in  London as to the ION (UN) as to a greenhouse strategy  during which UN Member States planned to work together on ambitious outcomes referencing the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. NZ urged the (UN) Agency of the IOM, “do not miss this opportunity to adopt an effective strategy to bring greenhouse emissions for global shipping under control”. Saying “the UN agency IOM needs to be ambitious with measurements, to implement them ASAP, and this needs to apply to all UN Member States and to all ships equally regardless of which State a ship is registered in. James Shaw said “ New Zealand joins with Pacific Island states in urging all countries to redouble their efforts to ensure that the UN Agency IMO achieves a credible and ambitious result.”  (Can’t see China falling for this one)

A speaker at the Beehive said that “NZ was proud to sign the Tony de Brum Declaration at the One Planet Summit held in Paris, confirming that international shipping must play a part in climate action. The Tony De Brum Declaration stressed the responsibility to act urgently to reduce greenhouse emissions. The shipping nations signed the De Brum Declaration on a climate change commitment. The declaration is named after the late foreign Minister of the Marshall Islands. He was a strong support of the UN Agency IOM to curb emissions from shipping globally. The declaration was signed by the following countries: Belgium, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

NOTE: They knew about the risks impacts and disruption to shipping and still pulled the plug on Marsden Point.NZ is still reliant on coal that is also shipped into New Zealand. In 2021 over a million tonnes of cheap dirty filthy dusty coal was imported to NZ from Indonesia

I will add the links to this information on my website

Researched By Carol Sakey




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Carol Sakey


FEBRUARY 2023. New Zealand Visa Officers told to ignore criminal activity of migrants to New Zealand. ‘Take them on face value’. RNZ Reported that Immigration officers were told to ignore criminal convictions and investigations, not to read supporting documents on visa applications, not to check work visas at the border so as to accelerate migration visa’s much faster. A completely corrupt visa regime of what is namely UN irregular (Non Legal’ Migration introduced into NZ. Where non-legal becomes legal, where dummy  visa’s were allegedly approved. A system that is completely corrupt and put the people of NZ at serious security risk. Immigration Staff told Stuff about their concerns, about the visa regime. A senior INZ official Peter Elms admitting that visas have been manipulated by bad actors. Now more staff have come forward saying there are serious issues right across the system, which include visitor and student visa’s, where there has been a streamlined approach and this has been mandated

Multiple officials have told Stuff that they were told to ignore criminal convictions and investigations when granting visa’s and residency to individuals. They were told not to open and check attachments on visa applications as this would delay processing times.  Staff told to accept visa’s on face value. One officer tried to decline application under the AEQV scheme, but was over-ruled by senior managers. It was reported there were genuine concerns about an employer exploiting migrants, but a senior manager told them “it had gone over their heads” and he had been told to issue the visa. Officers have said they are deeply unhappy about the migration directives, a lot of officers have left their jobs gone elsewhere to work, many were emotionally affected, because they wanted to do the right thing, and what was happening did not sit well on their conscience.

We are talking about migrants that have committed serious crimes and still issued visa’s. The deliberate ignoring of the risk of serious security issues that are implanted into NZ Society. Visa staff being told to ignore alerts on clients that are criminals. Border staff being told not to intervene where there are question marks on newly arriving work visa holder. Do Not Check them, let them go. There are tensions with many Customs officers whom know this is wrong. Reports of concerns see no action taken. Referencing 200 cases per day of suspicious arrivals. Border staff have been under significant pressure, and concerns about reducing security barriers, allowing what is namely a ‘light touch assessment’

Last November a general instruction to Visa Staff re-classify some high risk applications for a more ‘streamlined’ approach. The removal of human decision making by operating a system called ADEPT, means there is to be no records of area’s of concern. Visa Branch staff under significant pressure not to open documents, just approve and approve and approve.. just approve them. Referencing fake bank statements, CV’s, references and pieces of paper with the typed words “Bless you”. Visa officers were threatened with Performance Improvement Plans if they did not make enough decisions and so called ‘shout outs’, that is ‘shout outs’ to those that passed the most visa applicants. Visa staff have spoken out because they cannot see they themselves can force change, they don’t want to see migrant exploitation, morale is bad amongst many visa officers. They say the upper management will only listen if this hits the media. Visa staff have been told to close their eyes to what is going on, jut hit ‘approve’. Acting head of Immigration Catriona Robinson said that the govt agency constantly reviews and adjusts settings to speed economic recovery- open border. Obviously means open to crims, and  a serious security risk for all of New Zealand when we do not know who are crossing our borders. She could not provide accurate numbers of fraudulent visa’s arriving in New Zealand.

This leaves NZ open, exposed to human trafficking, organized crime, illicit goods, weapons and drugs. Illegal migration by individuals of terrorist groups, jihadists. Human trafficking is a global business generating approximately $150 billion in illegal profits, forced labour, sex trafficking, child trafficking through open borders. It was reported in 2018 that children make up almost one third of all human trafficking of victims worldwide, they are especially vulnerable (UNICEF).  The risk to New Zealand society has significantly increased. What does the government document about NZs Security threat for the year 2023? Referenced is the Christchurch 15/3/2019 terrorist attack by an Australian Citizen, and reported that there needs to be more discussions around these threats we face reports Andrew Hampton Director-General of Security, whom works with the Cabinet and PM’s office also Govt’s Communications Bureau.

Reports: The traditional identity, faith and political motivations are still identified in violent extremists we detect and monitor in New Zealand but this new trend has emerged around the edges.

The traditional identity, faith and political motivations are still identified in violent extremists we detect and monitor in New Zealand but this new trend has emerged around the edges they are the CCP and Islamic Republic ISIL (ISIS) Daesh etc., 11th August 2023 Time News reported that NZ SIS said “China is the main exponent of foreign interference to the Pacific Nation. NZ SIS stating there are a small number of states who attempt foreign interference have the ability to cause significant harm. Referring to Chinese individuals and groups in NZ, NZ SIS is aware of ongoing activity in and against NZ linked to the CCP which is of complex intelligence concern for New Zealand. The wariness of China in the Pacific. The UN Security Council 10th February 2023 warns UN Nations States that Daesh/ISIS threats remain high. said the threat has “increased” near areas of active hostilities where the terrorist group and its affiliates are active. “The level of terrorist activity continues to be a concern to member states,” he added.. Refers to radicalizing recruiting new supporters for ISIL/Daesh

Yet in NZ, the  ignoring of  criminals entering NZ, the fast tracking of  visa’s on face value. As this government put New Zealanders lives at serious risk, without care or consideration for the harm this risks to you and your children’s lives. 53 pages pdf



New Zealand Visa Officers told to ignore criminal activity of migrants entering New Zealand. ‘Take them on face value’, ignore criminals. NZ Government threaten the security of our country and the lives of NZ Citizens, their loved ones and families. NZ Government Security still promoting the Christchurch Call and White Supremacists and Right Wing Extremists. Yet the Muslims in Christchurch were not threatened by any such entities, they were threatened by ISIL/ISIS/Daesh. (17 Community Questions responded to by the Christchurch Royal Commission Inquiry).

Over 7,500 terrorism reports by Five Eyes in 2018 were referred to the NZ Govt, not one relating to Right Wing Extremism or White Supremacy. Wake Up New Zealand to the lies and corruption of this Far Left Socialist Regime running havoc across the lives of NZ Citizens. Do they care about you? “NO”



He Puapua (Co-governance) in New Zealand also known as ‘Vision 2040’ – To be actioned well before 2040  all relates to New Zealand Government’s signing of the UNDRIP in 2010. 143 countries voted in favour of the UN Declaration. There were 11 absentee’s. Australia, Canada, New Zealand and America rejected the UN DRIP. The planning of the UN Declaration began in 1982. The declaration prohibits discrimination against indigenous peoples. Gives indigenous peoples full and effective participation in ALL matters that concern them. And all matters do concern them.

ROSEMARY BANKS was NZ’s Representative  speaking at the UN, she explained why New Zealand had decided to reject the Declaration. She said that “NZ is unique, we have the Treaty Of Waitangi between the Crown and NZ, it has been NZ’s founding document since 1840. That the Treaty has acquired great significance in NZ’s constitutional arrangements, law, government activity. NZ has a system for redress, accepted by both indigenous and non-indigenous citizens alike. Claims to over half of NZ’s land area had been settled. That NZ had already been implementing most standard in the Declaration for many years. .  She shared the view that the Declaration was long overdue, and the concern that indigenous peoples in many parts of the world continued to be deprived of basic human rights. (13th September 2007)

Rosemary Banks said “It is with deep regret that NZ is unable to support the text in the declaration. NZ has difficulties with 4 provisions within the declaration. Articles 26, 28, 19 and 32.

1)THEY WERE FUNDAMENTALLY: INCOMPATIABLE with NZ’s Constitutional and Legal arrangements. Treaty Of Waitangi, the principle of governing for the good of ALL its citizens.

2) This included the provisions of land and resources in NZ and the Right of Veto over the State

3)Article 26 states that indigenous peoples had the right to own, use, develop or control lands and territories that they traditionally owned, occupied or used.

NZ’s rejection was “This would mean the entire country of NZ would be caught in this scope of the article. As it appears to require recognition of lands now legally owned by other citizens, indigenous and non-indigenous. Does not take into account traditions or customs nor land tenure.

Article 28 is on redress- compensation does not take into account as to lands legally owned legitimately by others. And overlapping indigenous claims. Again the whole country would fall under the scope of  Article 28. The declaration implied Indigenous peoples had the right to veto over democratic legislature and ‘national resource management. The declaration implied to classes of citizenship. Indigenous people would have the right to veto that others do not.

Rosemary Banks said that New Zealand is unable to support the declaration as its incompatible with democratic processes, legislation, constitutional arrangement, is not reflected in New Zealand’s State practices and and would not be recognized as general principles of law in New Zealand.

In 2010 John Keys secretly arranged for Pita Sharples co leader of the Maori Party to travel to the UN to sign the UNDRIP. Since this time co-governance in New Zealand has expanded significantly without any permission or consent of the people of New Zealand. This has happened under National and Labours watch.  Under this Labour Government it has been accelerated and promoted even more.

15th September 2007 Horomia spoke in the House on the UNDRIP. He warned about signing the UNDRIP and also confirmed what Rosemary Banks  had said at the UN as to the reason for rejecting the UN Declaration. This being a Labour Government now support and fully promote the UNDRIP (Co-governance of NZ) as does Green Party. National also,  they are less talkative about it.

Willie Jackson has referred to many workshops and hundreds of participant’s meeting to discuss and working out plans around Vision 2040.

He said the next step would be the drafting of an official plan – work which would be done by Te Puni Kōkiri, the National Iwi Chairs Forum’s Pou Tikanga and the Human Rights Commission – over the next couple months. Jackson said the plan is more than co governance, and refers to health justice education. Independent institutions

Carol Sakey

PARLIAMENT LEGIZLATED THE TE TIRITI o WAITANGI. ‘The Te Tiriti o Waitangi did not create Partnerships nor Principles’

Nothing in this Act shall permit the Crown to act in a manner that is inconsistent with the Principles of the Treaty. First tie the Principles of the Treaty had been documented) There are NO Principles in the Treaty Of Waitangi 1840.

1985 Treaty of Waitangi Amendment Act. While the 1975 Treaty of Waitangi Act was about the settlement of historical grievances, the 1985 Amendment Act was a very different matter. The recognition of iwi-Māori rather than pan-Māori as the inheritors of Treaty settlements established the reviving tribe as both political player and economic corporation.

1985 Amendment Act, Deputy Prime Minister Geoffrey Palmer agreed to Sir Hepi Te Heuheu’s request to insert the clause “Nothing in this Act shall permit the Crown to act in a manner that is inconsistent with the principles of the Treaty of Waitangi” into Section 9 of the State-owned Enterprises Act 1986. This is the first reference in legislation or policy to the principles of the Treaty – indeed, the first indication that the Treaty has principles. Parliament did not define the principles — an unconscionable failure which opened the way for the courts and government officials to determine what is probably one of the most important political events of the 20th century. Treaty principles, including that of partnership, now appear in almost all legislation.

1987 Court of Appeal decision stating that the Treaty established a relationship “akin to a partnership”. Although the judges likened it to the obligation partners in a partnership had they did not say that the Treaty actually created a partnership. Nor did it. However, “partnership” was quickly picked up by the Waitangi Tribunal and by the 1987 Iwi Leaders’ Forum. From that time this powerful interest group has achieved enormous success in claiming constitutional change and ownership rights. “Partnership” is the justification. The possibility that the He Puapua Report will be implemented either in full or modified form demonstrates the group’s success to date.

VALUABLE LINKS: Horomia speech

.  37 pages pdf


Carol Sakey


UNITED NATIONS: Who are Indigenous peoples? An official definition of ‘Indigenous’ has NOT been adopted by any United Nations System Body. The UN System has developed a modern understanding of this term. According to the UN the most fruitful approach is to identify, rather than define indigenous peoples. This is based on the fundamental criterion of self-identification as underlined in a number of human rights


Self Determination is the Legal Right of ‘ALL PEOPLE’ to decide their own destiny, it is a core principle of International Law, recognized as a general principle of law that is enshrined in a number of International Treaties. Self-determination is protected in ‘The United Nations Charter’ – ‘International Covenant on Civil and political Rights- and the UN Declaration of Human Rights – As a Right of ‘ALL PEOPLES’

THE DEFINITION OF ‘INDIGENOUS’: The term ‘indigenous ‘derives from the late Latin ‘indigenus’ and ‘indigena’ (native) and from the Old Latin ‘indu’ that is derived from the archaic ‘endo’ (a cognate of the Greek ‘endo’), meaning ‘in, within’ and the Latin ‘gignere’ meaning ‘to beget’, from the root ‘gene’ meaning ‘to produce, give birth, beget.

DEFINITIONS WITHIN THE MEANING OF INDIGENOUS: ‘BEGET’: To cause it to happen. Especially a male parent as to procreate or generate an offspring.(Collins Dictionary) To generate something usually children. Another example is ‘good’ work begets ‘good work’. Beget in the Bible means (esp. of a male) to become the father of (offspring); procreate :In the Bible, Isaac begat Jacob. to cause; produce as an effect.

‘NATIVE’: a person born in a specified place or associated with a place by birth, whether subsequently resident there or not.. One born or reared in a particular place (Merriam-Webster Dictionary and Cambridge). being the place or environment in which a person was born or a thing came into being ·. belonging to a person by birth or to a thing by nature (Collins Dictionary)

‘SELF -DETERMINATION’  * Is the determination by oneself or itself, without outside influence. freedom to live as one chooses, or to act or decide without consulting another or others.      *Believing you can control your own destiny   * A combination of attitudes, abilities that lead people to set goals for themselves and to take initiatives to reach those goals.     * The ability or power to make decisions for yourself. The Principles of Self-determination is the freedom to decide how one wants to live their life

‘CULTURAL’ Is a  way of life for an entire society this includes:-  *Codes of manners, dress, language, religion, rituals, art and traditions. There seven traits which are  *Learned *Transmitted   * Based on symbols  *Changeable  *Integrated  * Ethnocentric  *Adaptive  *Cultural Values are a cultures core beliefs about what’s good or right. We all have cultural values, preferences these are informed by the cultures we most associate ourselves with. Defining ‘culture’ is very difficult because among other things it can be an uncountable noun ‘culture’, or an countable one.  A culture/different cultures involves too many layers of meaning. There are five key cultural characteristics that are shared in human societies. These are that culture is *learned    *shared    *symbolic    * integrated and dynamic.

THE CHARACTERISTICS OF CULTURE: The Characteristics of culture is not thought to be innate or inherited. All cultures have characteristics such as limitations, traditions, history, principles, values, symbols and boundaries. A Culture of Dignity is where everyone has the opportunity thrive. The culture of dignity is what it means to be human, valued, respected it’s a hallmark of shared humanity. Where each individual unique person is defined as part of the human race. Not collectively judged, treated as in a ‘group mentality’; To act in accordance with the ‘truth’. A Healthy Culture: Is one in which people feel safe to speak out publicly when they do or do not agree with what others are implying, saying. Culture is dynamic, adapts to changes of circumstance. Everyone has a culture, whilst we are born into culture, it is also something we also learn

SOCIETY AND CULTURE: Society cannot exist without culture since culture is an accumulation of norms, behaviours, practices that determines how society functions in daily life. These include family, educational, religious and political  Cultural plays a major role in the lives of everyone in society. Cultural Inheritance: Is referred to as the storage and transmission of information by communication, imitation, teaching and learning. It is transmitted by the brain rather than by the genes, however it does have a genetic basis, the genes involved determining the structure of the brain

CULTURE UNIQUENESS: Even though we are in the same culture, we are still unique individuals with our own unique characteristics. Even though people in a certain culture are all different, there are still larger patterns in their behavior’s.

CULTURE AND IDENTITY: Culture is an important part of ALL people as an individual unique within a group or as in an induvial unique person in their own right. This is shaped by values, attitudes, beliefs, values and even experiences in life. Examples of my own Culture – English Mother and Irish Father:- The Irish culture is rich, diverse, full of myths, literature, music, dance, art cuisine, language. Has been influenced by the English, Tudor, Scots, Normans and Vikings. St Paddy’s day is celebrated all around the world.  Well known for our Guinness  and leprechauns  Irish Coddle, a stew with potatoes and other veg including bacon and sausages. Nothing reflects the warmth and homegrown comfort like a good old hearty Irish stew.. As for a good Irish breakfast that would be a ‘traditional full Irish breakfast comprising of bacon, sausages, eggs, potatoes, beans and home made soda bread. Not forgetting the mushrooms and tomatoes also the white and black pudding. Black pudding is the pigs blood in sausage form. White pudding is simply a pork sausage. Mind you pigs trotters were always on the menu when I visited my Nan and Grandad in Ireland.

For many Irish Religion and Family cohesion are basic to traditional Irish family culture. They cherish  family history and heritage. Knowing your extended family and your cousins is a vital part of Irish peoples lives. Romantic Irish.. Chivalry isn’t dead. It’s said that the Irish are very romantic. We think it comes from the close knit bond they all share with their families, mammies and daddies. Irish boys are taught to be chivalrous and Irish women are rated as one of the most loving partners in the world.

English Culture:  Rich customs and traditions that are famous right across the world. Lots of tea drinking (Dipping biscuits in tea). Hallmarks of the English culture have gathered historically over time. Football and Cricket. Yorkshire puds and roast beef dinners. British values and beliefs. The mix of British culture is very rich and diverse and is sometimes called ‘cultural capital’. The valuing of communities, villages and townships. Local markets and the pub just down the road. A visit to the chippie on a Friday night. British national identity is referred to as the sense of national identity as embodies in the shared characteristic culture, languages, traditions of the British people. English cooked breakfast on Sundays, sausage bacon and eggs with fried bread or toast. And a trip down to the local pub before Sunday lunch, meet up with your friends and family. Kids in the family room or beer garden at the pub with their bags of chippies and lemonade. Grandad playing the piano and his dog howling a tune

Proud to have English/Irish blood running through my veins. New Zealand is the place I call my home having lived here  for 60 years. Having personally worked passionately within community agencies in NZ and  amongst people of many cultures, ethnicities always recognizing the individual uniqueness of each individual person not one the same.  I personally believe each of us in our own unique individuality, in peace and love have this opportunity to come together as One Nation for  One People. God Save New Zealand